This short exercise
is to help students recognise the ed. You can expand on this with a list
of your own words.
Correct the words that they say incorrectly, straight away. Make sure they repeat them correctly. Circle the words they didn't pronounce correctly, and go back over them.
Most advanced students pick this up quickly but beginners are usually surprised that ed is pronounced differently with different words.
A short exercise about the suffix –ed and how to pronounce it.
There are three main rules that you need to know.
1. If you add –ed to a word that ends with a 't' or 'd' sound, then ed sounds like ‘ed’ and is pronounced as an extra syllable. For example: faintED
2. If you add –ed to a word that ends with voiceless consonant sounds – c, ch, f, gh, k, ks, p, s, sh, t...etc– then the -ed sound sounds like ‘t’ and is not pronounced as an extra syllable. For example: forced – pronounced ‘forst’
3. If you add –ed to any other word that does not fit the above rules and has these voiced consonant sounds, or with a vowel, – b, d, g, j, l, m, n, ng, r, th, v, z...etc, the –ed is pronounced with a ‘d’ sound, no extra syllable. For example: waved is pronounced 'wayvd'.
Pronounce these words aloud:
To practice pronouncing your –ed suffix sounds, we recommend reading aloud The Da Vinci Code by Dan Brown.
There are some exceptions to this rule
to separate a verb from an adjective. Here are two of them.