Suffix -ED

One of the hardest things for students to remember is how to properly pronounce the -ed at the end of verbs and some adjectives.

This short exercise is to help students recognise the ed. You can expand on this with a list of your own words.
 

ED Guide
Give the sheet to your English Language student and read out the rules. Ask them to pronounce the words on the page. Each column contains a list of words with the same suffix sound but don't tell them that.

Correct the words that they say incorrectly, straight away. Make sure they repeat them correctly. Circle the words they didn't pronounce correctly, and go back over them. 

Most advanced students pick this up quickly but beginners are usually surprised that ed is pronounced differently with different words.

A short exercise about the suffix –ed and how to pronounce it.

There are three main rules that you need to know.

1. If you add –ed to a word that ends with a 't' or 'd' sound, then ed sounds like ‘ed’ and is pronounced as an extra syllable. For example: faintED 

2. If you add –ed to a word that ends with voiceless consonant sounds – c, ch, f, gh, k, ks, p, s, sh, t...etc– then the -ed sound sounds like ‘t’ and is not pronounced as an extra syllable. For example: forced – pronounced ‘forst’ 

3. If you add –ed to any other word that does not fit the above rules and has these voiced consonant sounds, or with a vowel, – b, d, g, j, l, m, n, ng, r, th, v, z...etc, the –ed is pronounced with a ‘d’ sound, no extra syllable. For example: waved is pronounced 'wayvd'. 

Pronounce these words aloud:

clotted 
doted 
exited 
faded 
ghosted 
heeded 
aided 
jaded 
riveted 
vaulted 
gilded 
anticipated 
tilted 
protected 
entrusted
looped 
moped 
collapsed 
rehearsed 
grasped 
glanced 
seeped 
trapped 
gripped 
focused 
increased 
resurfaced 
looked 
faked 
locked
renowned 
staggered 
crawled 
scanned 
sealed 
stared 
aimed 
levelled 
realised 
rolled 
framed 
pictured
summoned 
fumbled 
crumpled

To practice pronouncing your –ed suffix sounds, we recommend reading aloud The Da Vinci Code by Dan Brown. 

There are some exceptions to this rule to separate a verb from an adjective. Here are two of them. 
EG. Blessed can be pronounced blest (verb) and blessED (adjective). 
Learned can be pronounced lernd (verb) and lernED (adjective). 

http://www.englishtutorsydney.com/lesson-plans/ed.html

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